Creative Teaching Technique: The Jigsaw Technique

Teachers, professors, and educators are constantly looking to improve, and provide students with a robust and creative learning experience. Research in different learning methods has given rise to multiple learning techniques that challenge and engage different aspects of a child’s mind, aiming to provide him/her with an all-round learning experience. One such is know as ‘the jigsaw classroom’.

Image Source: http://jkuebler.weebly.com/cooperative-group-activities.html
Image Source: http://jkuebler.weebly.com/cooperative-group-activities.html
What Is The Jigsaw Classroom?

The jigsaw Classroom is research based cooperative learning technique that was invented by Elliot Aronson and his students at the University of Texas and University of California in the 1970’s. This technique helps student create his or her own learning. In order to better understand this technique, it is best to understand the process used to carry out the technique.

Image Source: https://apps.carleton.edu/academics/archive/?story<em>id=903935
Image Source: https://apps.carleton.edu/academics/archive/?storyid=903935
The Jigsaw Technique

The 11 steps below provide a better understanding and application of the jigsaw technique.

*Step 1: *Divide students in a group of 5-6 students.

*Step 2: *Appoint a group leader.

*Step 3: *Divide the lesson in to 5-6 segments.

For example, if you want to teach a history lesson about Gandhi, one can divide the lesson in to 5-6 stand along segments like (1) Early Life & Background, (2) English Barrister, (3) Activist in South Africa, (4) Initial Struggle for Independence, (5) Satyagraha & Quit India Movement, and (6) Assassination.

*Step 4: *Assign each student to learn and study one segment.

*Step 5: *Allocate time for research and study on the topic.

*Step 6: *Form expert groups by bringing together students from each group that were assigned the same topic.

Image Source: https://goalbookapp.com/toolkit/strategy/jigsaw
Image Source: https://goalbookapp.com/toolkit/strategy/jigsaw
*Step 7: *Allow the expert groups to discuss their findings on the topic, and highlight the important points from their findings.

*Step 8: *Bring back students to their original groups.

*Step 9: *Ask each student to present his or her segment to the group. Encourage other group members to ask questions for clarification.

Step 10: Observe each group, and assist them through any troubles.

Step 11: At the end of the session, quiz or test the students on the material.

Image Source: http://www.advancementcourses.com/blog/jigsaw-strategies-part-2/
Image Source: http://www.advancementcourses.com/blog/jigsaw-strategies-part-2/
Benefits of The Jigsaw Technique

Teachers and inventors of the technique have observed many benefits of the jigsaw technique. These include:

  • A fun and interactive learning process.
  • Easy and enjoyable learning method.
  • Promotes team-building skills.
  • It also promotes trust and confidence among team member, as you rely on each other for correct information.
  • Encourages leadership skills.
  • Encourages presentation and speaking skills.
  • Provides each student a fair chance for contribution.
  • It can be implemented with other teaching strategies.

Reference:
https://www.jigsaw.org/#steps
http://www.educationworld.com/a_curr/strategy/strategy036.shtml